The Psychology of Problem-Solving

Bagikan
Sematkan
  • Dipublikasikan tanggal 13 Sep 2016
  • A short educational video about what psychology tells us about how people solve problems.
    Three-Glass Problem
    1983. Chi and Glaser. "Problem Solving Abilities. apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a134717.pdf
    psycnet.apa.org/record/1953-04914-001

    The Candle Problem
    1952. Adamson. "Functional Fixedness as Related to Problem Solving: A Repetition of Three Experiments." psycnet.apa.org/record/1953-04914-001
    1966. Glucksberg and Weisberg. "Verbal Behavior and Problem Solving: Some Effects of Labeling in a Functional Fixedness Problem." psycnet.apa.org/record/1966-06294-001
    1973. Weisberg and Suls. "An Information-processing Model of Duncker's Candle Problem." www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0010028573900145
    2004. Kershaw and Ohlsson. "Multiple Causes of Difficulty in Insight: The Case of the Nine-Dot Problem." psycnet.apa.org/record/2003-10949-001

Komentar • 778

  • Faith Fuldeeds
    Faith Fuldeeds 13 jam yang lalu

    All of these so called tests are just stupid BS, usually tests like these give very specific instructions and you have to basically disobey them, cheat or cut corners to get these outcomes... oh and the box of matches IS FLAMMABLE! I think any logical fireman would tell you that's a freakin fire hazard! Pretty straight forward. And in the glass thing it never explicitly says that you have to pour from one until you cant anymore, like where do they get this shit? And dont get me started on the dots, most iterations of that one say specifically that you HAVE to stay INSIDE the square... total garbage

  • Sean Michael
    Sean Michael 15 jam yang lalu +1

    OCD triggered, spilling liquids ughh 😠

  • Shenzano Lava Music
    Shenzano Lava Music 19 jam yang lalu

    Boring Sppech and Music make it flashy!

  • Declan Wright
    Declan Wright Hari Yang lalu +2

    Solved the 9 Dots and the Three Glass problems, but I had to unpause to see the answer for the Candle problem :(

  • Lord Jock
    Lord Jock Hari Yang lalu +3

    I solved the candle problem by pretending it wasnt there

  • Nick Behrends
    Nick Behrends 2 hari yang lalu +2

    Not to be conceited, but these problems were fairly easy to solve right away.

  • Jack Russell
    Jack Russell 2 hari yang lalu

    I wonder how many people can connect all 9 dots with just one line -- without crossing over any single dot ---twice ?

  • Anke Devos
    Anke Devos 3 hari yang lalu

    Give a problem a other name for example poverty you rebrand it as the lesser havers problem solved or debt problem becomes payback fluke magically the debt is gone. You can solve everything by just rebranding it
    You deny the eight dots and call it the one dot problem. You lite the candle in a abandoned house if it burns down who cares problem solved. For the glasses call it the two glass problem you don't need the 3 once glass because you can't poor 4 once in a 3 once glass get rid of it problem solved.

  • Dennis Grass
    Dennis Grass 4 hari yang lalu +2

    I connected all dots with one line!


    Folded the paper and punched a hole into the dots. One line!

  • Dennis Grass
    Dennis Grass 4 hari yang lalu

    How much do you want to drink? 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,or 8 ?
    1) 8 into 3 glass
    2) 3 to 5 glass.
    3) 8 to 3 glass,
    Now, 2,3,3
    4) 3 to 5 glass.
    Now: 2 in 8 glass, 5 in 5 glass, 1 in 3 glass. 2,5,1
    5) 5 to 8.
    Now 7,0,1
    6) 3 to 5 glass
    now.... 7,1,0
    7) 8 to 3 glass, 4,1,3
    8) 3 glass to 5 glass
    now... 4,4,0

  • sinister geek
    sinister geek 5 hari yang lalu

    Can you please suggest some book for logical thinking book!!

    • sinister geek
      sinister geek 4 hari yang lalu

      @Dennis Grass I think change in engine is key to this que?

    • Dennis Grass
      Dennis Grass 4 hari yang lalu +1

      Math story problems help your logical thinking! Can you solve the following?
      One race car zips out of the starting gate at 100mph. The other race car has problems and changes the engine.
      210 minutes later, Second race car zips out of the starting gate at 800mph..............WHAT HAPPENS?

      A: 2nd car wins awards for being the fastest car In the world!

  • EvilestGem
    EvilestGem 5 hari yang lalu

    Psychology of problem solving OR Using tricky bullshit to succeed

  • Wilson
    Wilson 7 hari yang lalu

    Connect the nine dots with one line : cut paper around dots and rearenge them into one line

  • Abdullah Ar Rafi
    Abdullah Ar Rafi 8 hari yang lalu

    Instruction unclear, I've tried the candle problem outside my home and burned down half of the universe!

  • Parvinder Singh
    Parvinder Singh 10 hari yang lalu

    awesome

  • vazvaz voova
    vazvaz voova 11 hari yang lalu +1

    I don't really agree with this vid..
    Candle one is easy n has multiple solutions.
    Dots just don't seem to allow going out of the dotted area.. Or if anything allowed just get a huge pen and go through them all with one line..
    Glasses weren't accurate
    But it was a good example but the execution wasn't the best

  • carstino cartino
    carstino cartino 12 hari yang lalu

    #fall 0:56-1:22-3:09

  • James Henry Smith
    James Henry Smith 16 hari yang lalu

    You could just put the candle into a candle holder or buy a cake to put it in, they didn't border the question.

    Spacetime curvature makes straight lines curvy while by some interpretations still being straight.

  • Rahul Chanderkanth
    Rahul Chanderkanth 18 hari yang lalu

    1 . Perspective how to see
    2 . Think outside the box
    3 . What's not there
    4. Hints are helpful
    5. Doing things in a different way a lot to look for a better solution.

  • Hrituja Sen
    Hrituja Sen 18 hari yang lalu +2

    Yes, it is true that when problems are approached in an unexpected way, they can be solved in a quite easier way, as compared to the usual methods like Trial or Error. The video gives a good hint about the out-of-the-box thinking approach as well. This approach is very important to solve tricky questions. It makes tricky questions look very simple for the one who uses this approach. Also, reading the questions carefully is important for getting a solution. πŸ˜€

  • Ellebana Sorensic
    Ellebana Sorensic 19 hari yang lalu

    I really dont understand it. Im sorry

  • DEEPANSHU GUPTA
    DEEPANSHU GUPTA 19 hari yang lalu

    I really liked the concept as to how a simple change in perspective can lead to numerous problem solving techniques including using of hints, thinking outside the box and also seeing what’s not present as a positive attribute. It was a really thoughtful video. I enjoyed it very much, please keep making such videos :)

  • Rajat Raghuram
    Rajat Raghuram 22 hari yang lalu

    1.3K people skipped the video when they saw #fail at 1:22

    Brilliant video by the way!

  • Leigh Suba
    Leigh Suba 23 hari yang lalu

    4 +4 =8 is easy

  • Oden Atek
    Oden Atek 27 hari yang lalu

    hmmm... 9dots: I'd tried at the college about 24 yrs ago but there I did not. Now I remembered when I've heard the "longer" line. Glass: as in Die Hard 3 at the fontain. Candle: only time was the problem. THX a lot !

  • James Kowalick
    James Kowalick Bulan Yang lalu

    ALL PROBLEMS CAN BE SOLVED USING THE SAME LOGICAL STRATEGY….NOT ONLY β€œFUN-PUZZLES” LIKE THESE, BUT ANY REAL-WORLD PROBLEMS AS WELL - HOWEVER DIFFICULT THEY ARE. ONE β€˜SECRET’ IS TO BEGIN SOLVING ANY PROBLEM BY FIRST DESCRIBING THE FINAL RESULT (DESCRIBING IT IN THE β€œRIGHT” MANNER, OF COURSE). THIS IS ALWAYS THE BEST APPROACH - EVEN FOR SO-CALLED β€œIMPOSSIBLE-TO-SOLVE” PROBLEMS. THIS TYPE OF PROBLEM-SOLVING CAN BE LEARNED, AND TAUGHT - EVEN TO KINDERGARTEN-LEVEL CHILDREN (I TAUGHT IT TO 8TH GRADERS FOR A YEAR). THE ABSENCE OF THE USE OF SUCH A PROBLEM-SOLVING (INVENTION) METHOD IS THE CHIEF REASON FOR THE RELATIVELY SLOW PACE OF INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY. IT IS A LONG BUT PERHAPS INTERESTING STORY ABOUT HOW THIS PROBLEM-SOLVING APPROACH CAME TO AMERICA. I AM PLEASED TO HAVE BEEN A PART OF THAT STORY, ALSO HAVING TAUGHT THE APPROACH TO TECHNICAL EXPERTS AT CAL TECH IN SEMINARS OVER A 10-YEAR PERIOD. I STILL ROUTINELY USE THIS APPROACH, WHICH I CALL β€œHIGHER-LEVEL THINKING”. IT DOES TAKE SOME TIME TO REALLY LEARN IT IN AN β€œIN-DEPTH” MANNER. SEVERAL OF THOSE WHO TAUGHT IT TO ME WERE TRULY GENIUSES. LEARNING THIS APPROACH WILL IMPROVE ALMOST ANYONE’S PROBLEM-SOLVING ABILITY.

  • Truth Seeker
    Truth Seeker Bulan Yang lalu +1

    Think outside the box

  • Conny Container
    Conny Container Bulan Yang lalu

    What's an ounce ?

  • ndzalama ngobeni
    ndzalama ngobeni Bulan Yang lalu +1

    unstructured video. would've been much nicer f it was organised.

  • Traian Rusanescu
    Traian Rusanescu Bulan Yang lalu

    dute-n pula mea cu cacaturile tale de ipocrit :))

  • Belly Button
    Belly Button Bulan Yang lalu +2

    I solved the candle problem in two seconds by switching this video off

  • alireza masjedian
    alireza masjedian 2 bulan yang lalu

    film not broadcast

  • Moni Beroli
    Moni Beroli 2 bulan yang lalu +1

    Use Procrastination#
    (pauze-and-try-later/sometime), when you stuck at something in general!'!

  • Erna Wiyati
    Erna Wiyati 2 bulan yang lalu

    This problem so good idea but you so sweet 😘😘😘😘😘😘😘😘😘😘😘😘 information about you 🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷

  • Erna Wiyati
    Erna Wiyati 2 bulan yang lalu

    Thanks very much more than this so good idea but you so much more than this πŸ‘ŒπŸ‘ŒπŸ‘ŒπŸ‘ŒπŸ‘ŒπŸ‘ŒπŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·πŸŒ·

  • Bostonite1985
    Bostonite1985 2 bulan yang lalu

    What is the point in using dots, candles and pins to learn problem solving skills? Can you make teenage intern concentrate on their work instead of staring at their smartphone all day long? Their span of attention is very low. How can a firm solve this problem without threatening to kick their arse out if they don't concentrate on their work? Do we have to wait until they grow up? How long will that take? Do psychologists have an answer to this question?

  • Irish rover
    Irish rover 2 bulan yang lalu

    You never told us at the start how much empty space was in each glass. And there was no markings on any of the glasses to signify 3oz, 5oz or
    8oz measures. We were told not to eyeball the measurements and yet that is how you solved the problem. Molre informartion at the start would have been a big help.

  • darren hill
    darren hill 2 bulan yang lalu

    Yes a solution is a way of solving problems but that solution must derive from people's perspective or pre information of what solutions are allowed as some people would be disciplined to thinking they cannot think outside the box... in other words... CHEAT!!!.

  • pingvinac
    pingvinac 2 bulan yang lalu

    you gotta think outside of box :)

  • Troy Rossi
    Troy Rossi 2 bulan yang lalu

    What good does the glass truck give you in real life? That’s what I want to know. Do you want to solve it. Or do you think it’s a waste of time. I think it’s a waste of time

  • knuckles1006
    knuckles1006 2 bulan yang lalu +8

    When I was given the 9 Dot Problem in high school the wording was connect all 9 dots using 4 continuous lines.

  • AFTER[MATH] STUDIO PRODUCTIONS
    AFTER[MATH] STUDIO PRODUCTIONS 2 bulan yang lalu

    Non linear presentation has brain injured me. Thak you

  • Eric Howry
    Eric Howry 2 bulan yang lalu

    Very cool video!!

  • Jose Peixoto
    Jose Peixoto 2 bulan yang lalu

    Hmmm... not complete,here is another way;easy because 5-3 is 2; if we do this twice, we get 4; if we take away 4 from the 8,we get 4,here goes:
    1--throw away the all nr.3 LIQ. Oz
    2--pour nr.5 into nr.3 (2 VOID oz left on nr.5)
    3--pour the LIQ nr.8 into the 5 (6 oz of LIQ. left on nr 8)
    4--throw away the nr.3 Oz again
    5--pour the 5 into the 3 again (2 VOID oz left on nr.5 ).
    6--you got it.

  • dawnlightening
    dawnlightening 2 bulan yang lalu

    The description to this video should be rephrased as: A short educational video about how people who are psychologists, solve problems. It is a fact of life that the exact sciences and the technologies that are based upon them, have had a far more significant impact on our lives, than have the social sciences, such as psychology. Perhaps psychologists should ponder on this more, and less on why people solve problems in ways different from psychologists. Incidentally, if the wall were made of concrete (as they are in my basement, where I am right now), it would be very difficult to press thumbtacks into the wall. And for the same reason you could keep a burning candle flush against the wall WITHOUT any danger of burning the house down. As far as the 9 dot problem is concerned, simply draw three parallel lines, which connect 3 sets of dots (ie either vertical lines, or horizontal lines or diagonal lines, then draw a 4th line at right angles to these (which also connects dots). Then you have 4 straight lines which connect all the dots together.

    • dawnlightening
      dawnlightening 2 bulan yang lalu

      @Edward Oneill Thank you for replying to my comment! I myself trained as an economist, but then ended up as a software developer. So I speak from personal experience when I compare the relative importance of an applied exact science eg engineering to an applied social science eg economic planning. During my training, so self-conscious were the economists of the "lack of rigour" of their subject, that they appropriated entire fields of mathematics & statistics (eg linear algebra, calculus of variations, set theory, Markov chains, probability, Monte Carlo analysis etc in order to "dress up" economics and to turn it into a sort of theoretical physics, producing econometrics, mathematical economics etc. But the underlying problem still remained: humans are not mindless physical phenomena such as atomic nuclei, meteor showers, weather patterns etc but instead are intelligent reactive entities which can act in contradiction to econometric forecasts.
      You mentioned atomic energy versus fossil fuels as an example of the inability of technology to solve the energy crisis. Sir, fossil fuels have remained preeminent for so long simply because of the petrodollar. Destroy the need for fossil fuels = destroy the need for US Dollars = Destroy the US economy. It is that simple. This is why not just atomic energy but also more novel energy sources (the so-called Free energy, cold fusion etc) are treated with scorn and ridicule by the Establishment.
      Of great interest to me is how will AI solve problems. I agree with most of my fellow software developers that the Singularity is at most 25 years away. I have no doubt that that event will be the most significant, most transformative development in human history.

    • Edward Oneill
      Edward Oneill  2 bulan yang lalu

      It's not a video about how psychologists solve problems: it's about some psychological research on problem-solving.
      I know it is fashionable in some circles to bash psychology and the social sciences as "inexact." All scientific research needs to be applied, and so research into, say, atomic energy has not solved the energy crisis around fossil fuels and carbon emissions because the application is non-trivial. Ditto for psychological research on how humans solve problems. Likewise, psychologists know a lot about what makes people happy, but that has not ended unhappiness.
      As for measuring the impact or benefits of science in human existence, it cannot be said that all the effects have been positive: WMD's are a good example, as are medical treatments which have been misused or used unethically.
      Science is great. But it's not the standard for all human knowledge, and it's not inherently good apart from its actual use.
      Thanks for commenting.

  • Evan Gertis
    Evan Gertis 2 bulan yang lalu

    Reframing an experience in life is a wonderfully powerful way to overcome adversity.

  • Jon Smith
    Jon Smith 2 bulan yang lalu +1

    For anyone having problems commenting, press the blue 'comment' box under your comment after you have finished writing. It took me several years of writing comments before I worked this out. In the end, it was my cat that accidentally clicked it.
    Now then, on to the nine dot problem......

  • James Latham
    James Latham 2 bulan yang lalu

    I don’t understand. What is this thing β€œan ouns”. Is this what you are saying?

  • 12345shushi
    12345shushi 2 bulan yang lalu

    Mostly in philosophical terms (usually philosophy and psychology don't cross over), these issues deal with different epistemological approaches and different theories on how one obtains knowledge and how one can know how to solve certain issues (knowing different methods, and how different philosophical knowledge and perspective others have impacts their approach and effectiveness to solve certain problems)

  • jayant dasgupta
    jayant dasgupta 2 bulan yang lalu +1

    Actually thinking out of the box is a known solution but to spend time for the problem solving is the main issue. We all want quick easy solution. There is no shortcut.

  • bon des
    bon des 2 bulan yang lalu

    My guest already left....

  • Baruch Hashem
    Baruch Hashem 2 bulan yang lalu

    What sort of people were they using to run these tests on?
    Primates?

  • vondahe
    vondahe 2 bulan yang lalu +2

    Anyone else notice how the 8 oz glass clearly contained more than the 5 oz glass after he’d β€œsolved” the problem and spilled Red Bull all over the table?

  • scott mcadam
    scott mcadam 2 bulan yang lalu

    Too easy ! But my solution to the candle problem had no need of the box, press 1 tack into the bottom of the candle leaving a small gap, then press 2 tacks into wall close together, then simply slide the tack holding the candle between and behind the 2 tacks you have placed in the wall, no need for the box which in any case is flamable and obviously a potential fire risk, Did you not say "Without burning the house down " ? When the candle burns down the box would be impregnated with wax making it even more likely that it will burst into flames, Whereas tacks are metal and the candle would safely burn itself out, it would leave wax on the floor, but that was not disallowed in the wording of the puzzle.

  • chief tp
    chief tp 2 bulan yang lalu

    the candle is attached to the box, not the wall.

  • Valentino Pereira
    Valentino Pereira 2 bulan yang lalu +2

    First I thought that I was dumb..

    then I read the comments.. life's so much better now xD

  • Steve J
    Steve J 2 bulan yang lalu +1

    it says "without burning your house down", lol stand with a bucket of water next to it, lol

  • Dean Joseph
    Dean Joseph 2 bulan yang lalu

    The answers were obvious. A bit of lateral thinking - thinking outside the box: the nine dots and matchbox/candle/thumb-tack are theoretically a box - except of course for the glasses/liquid problem. All of which had more than one solution.

  • Erik Bongers
    Erik Bongers 2 bulan yang lalu

    I think you are mixing puzzle solving with problem solving. A hint can only be provided for a problem that has already been solved, like a puzzle.
    Real life problems have no 'hints' (excluding divine intervention).
    In real life, the closest that comes to a hint is, as you mentioned, out-of-the-box thinking and random association. These are creative tools. Hence, creative people (in the widest sense) are more likely to be able to solve problems, or at least, point in the right direction.
    Children's drive to play is ment to train them for 'real life'. Perhaps the creative drive is actually ment to train us in problem solving, just as the drive for physical play (sports) is ment to train us for physical challenges (hunting, defense, physical health...)
    The fact that we are not so good at thinking outside of the box and random association, is probably because in many cases, it's a waste of time and energy. People who constantly think outside of the box and make random associations appear confused, as if on drugs or with mental health problems. Or artists.
    (remember what I said above about creative people ;) )
    So, it's actually a good thing that our thoughts are 'contained' in most situations.

  • Benjamin Cronce
    Benjamin Cronce 2 bulan yang lalu

    If you really want to get pedantic about it, they never defined what a "candle" was. By general definition, a candle is a wick embedded in a solid substance. I could just pull the wick out of the wax, pin it to the board and call it a candle. There, no wax to drip on the table. Of course people work within limits for good reason, otherwise there are many ways one can "cheat", such that the problem is technically solved.